In Italy and, more in general, in developed countries, infrastructural evolution is continuously fraught with obstacles and delays, resulting in economic losses, social tensions and various uncertainties.
NIMBY – ‘Not In My BackYard’ – is the acronym universally used to denote the opposition, generally accompanied by public gatherings, to the construction of infrastructures of a certain size and impact. NIMBY events are traditionally aimed at opposing the construction of industrial plants, transport infrastructures, power plants, etc. In particular, in recent years the widespread diffusion of renewable energy plants has led to NIMBY events targeting the latter, as in the case of large-size wind farms and bioenergy plants.
From a historical point of view, these events started to appear in a significant manner between the late 1970s and early 1980s, when greater environmental awareness as a prerequisite for healthy living conditions rightly began to emerge in developed countries.